Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Five British Miners Killed - December 9, 1932

From the Brantford Expositor, December 9, 1932:

Five British Miners Killed: Explosion in Colliery at Woodwell, South York:

"Five men are dead today and four seriously injured, following an explosion at midnight last night at the Cortonwood colliery, Woodwell, South York. The explosion occurred in a seam 500 yards deep wherein 20 men were working.
The dead, all married, are as follows: Walter Nutter, and Alphonse Allen, of Wombwell and Roy Aloutram and William Landles of Westmelton." 

Monday, 28 November 2011

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Final Post

This photo is much newer. Perhaps 1940. It is a 5 x 7 photo in a cardboard frame. Across the bottom of the frame, it reads The Rowley Studio Main & Genesee Sts Buffalo NY

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Fourteen - (Grand) Mother & Child

Either this woman had this child late in her life, or she is in fact the grandmother. The photo was taken in the early 1900s. The photographer was P. Doeberinger. Given the German sounding name, this photo was likely taken in what would then have been Berlin which is now Kitchener.

The back of the photo shows that it has been removed from an album. There is handwriting, some of which is obscured due to the album removal. What remains states of lady only then the artists instructions are F 69

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Thirteen - Women

Four Carte de Visite sized cards of women:

Photo of a young woman taken about 1895-1905

The back of the photo lists the photographer as
Park & Co Gallery of Photography & Fine Arts
110 Colborne St, Brantford Ontario
In hand writing across the back it reads:
Wishing you a happy Xmas & a merry New Year

Another young woman with a rather ornate hair style.

The photographer of this photo was Edy & Co Artistic Photographers
Colborne St Brantford

This photo was taken by Smith & Edy Photographers
Brantford Ontario

Late 1800s photo of a young woman

Once again, the photographer is
Edy & Co
Colborne St Brantford

Old Business Cards

Two Carte de Visite business cards:

The first is by Edy Photo for Henry Hipkins Dentistry. The address is listed as the corner of Colborne & Market Sts, entrance Market St.

The back of the card lists the services available: Teeth inserted in Gold, Silver, Aluminum and Vulcanized Rubber. The Utmost attention given to the preservation of the natural teeth, and all operations performed with the greatest care and in a satisfactory manner.

There are also references listed on the back of the card! These are other dentists (JB Meacham) and physicians (R Henwood, JW Digby, WC Corson and WH Nichol)

This is of a building which I believe was a school.

The back of the card reads:
 James Esson,
 Portrait and Landscape Photographer
Queen Street

Along the bottom it reads: Negatives kept. Copie may be had at any time

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Eleven

Unidentified men in 4 Cartes de Visite:

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Twelve

Two Photographs taken by Gardener Studios in Napoleon Ohio. Thoughts are that these are brother and sister and that is perhaps why they were not photographed together. Other thought is that these were taken at the time of engagement and that is why they are not photographed as a couple.

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Eleven

Four 5 x 7 photographs. No identification and no photographer markings:

A young family. The photo appears to have been taken in the early 1900s
 perhaps as late as 1910.

Young baby. Perhaps a year of age. Taken in the early 1900s

Young woman of about 20. Taken about 1900

Two young girls. Perhaps 11 or 12. Taken about 1900

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Ten - Colorized Photos

Two colorized photos in the Carte de Visite size. Colorization didn't occur until the early 1900s making these photos a bit newer than the rest that have been posted.

The colorization in this photo is actually in the props. The flowers in the vase on the table have been colorized. The flowers are colored pink and the leaves are colored green.

The back of the photo reades F.G. Lewis'
Fine Art Gallery
Ingersoll, O. (Ontario)

The colorization in this photo is a bit harder to see. The brooch on the girl's neck tie is colored red.

The back of the photograph reads A. & J. Edy
Brantford Ontario
Negatives Preserved

Sunday, 27 November 2011

World War II POWs

Our afternoon speaker was Chad Martin. Chad is the president of the Brant Historical Society and his passion is WWII POWs. Chad was a wealth of knowledge on POWs and shared with us the daily lives of the POWs in German camps. Chad noted that the primary condition of the POW was boredom and they then became very creative in finding ways to stave off the boredom in an attempt to retain their sanity.

Chad quoted Winston Churchill:

"Prisoner of War! That is the least unfortunate kind of prisoner to be, but it is nevertheless a melancholy state. You are in the power of your enemy. You owe your life to his humanity, and your daily bread to his compassion. You must obey his orders, go where he tells you, stay where you are bid, await his pleasure, possess  your soul in patience. Meanwhile, the war is going on, great events are in progress, fine opportunities for action and adventure are slipping away. Also, the days are very long. Hours crawl like paralytic centipedes. Nothing amuses you. Reading is difficult, writing impossible. Life is one long boredom from dawn till slumber. "

In WWII, there were 9,000 POWs:
  • 1946 were captured at Dieppe
  • 1,700 were captured in Hong Kong
  • 26 were taken at Buchenwald
  • 10 were from Brantford
Each POW camp was divided. All those of commonwealth nations were together, those of baltic nations together, french were together. Initially the Americans were put into the commonwealth camps with thoughts that they would irritate the Brits and would create chaos and division. After a year or so, the Americans were housed in a separate camp, just due to sheer numbers.

The POW barracks were densely populated. Each barrack had 12 rooms and a latrine. Each room was 14 x 16 feet and held eight sets of triple-deck bunks, or 24 men. The rooms held a small table and a source of heat/cooking - usually a woodstove. During the winter, each room was alloted 12 peat bricks a day. One peat brick lasted about 1/2 hour. The barracks were uninsulated, draughty and windows were often broken and unrepaired. It was not uncommon to awake in the morning to find snow in the room and the men near freezing. Sanitation and hygiene were unheard of. Bedbugs were rampant. It was very claustrophobic. The men were not given a change of clothes, but sometimes could barter for a new piece of clothing.

Red Cross parcels became the lifesaving items for the POWs. Initially men were issued one parcel each week. As the war progressed, that changed to one parcel for every 12 men once every month. The parcels of each country were packed differently and it was never a given that you would receive a parcel from your home country. The most envied parcels were the Canadian parcels. These contained:

  • 5oz chocolate (usually Baker's chocolate)
  • 32 oz biscuits (these were like Farley's Rusks and would turn to a mushy cereal when hot liquid was added, making them more filling)
  • 3 oz sardines - the cans became useful when made into various "tools"
  • 16oz powdered milk
  • 6 oz prunes
  • 8 oz salmon
  • 12 oz corned beef
  • 7 oz raisins
  • 8 oz sugar
  • 4 oz tea
  • 4 oz cheese
  • 16 oz marmalade
  • 16 oz butter (this became the envy of other prisoners who were reduced to a fat-based margarine)
  • 10 oz spam
  • 3 oz soap
Chad showed slides of some of the household items the POWs were able to make. Items such as various crude "cookers", and household utensils like strainers, coffee percolators, steamers, shaving mugs and saucepans.

Chad's talk was very informative and he gave a remarkable insight into the tedium of the daily lives of the WWII POWs.

Lost Heirlooms - Unidentified Photos Post Nine - Children

Three Carte de Visite of young children. All with the photographer information on the back of the photo:

Young girl of about 8 or 9

The photographer's info on the back of this photo states:
Edy & Co
Artistic Photographer
Colborne St Brantford
Portraits of any size in India Ink, Crayon, Water Colors or Oil
Water Colors made a specialty

In handwriting, in pencil, it reads:
A.H Rice 2460 F St San Diego

At the top of the photo there is handwriting Ann........1875

The rest of the name has been torn off when the photo was removed from an album. It would appear that this little girl's name was Ann (?) H. Rice.

A young boy of about 10

Also photographed by Edy & Co
Again, the back shows that this photo has been removed from an album

Young boy of about 12

Edy & Co Brantford

These two boys, in my mind, resemble one another and I have to wonder that they are brothers