Friday, 30 September 2011

From the Brantford Expositor Sept 28, 1911

An immigrant train of five coaches passed through the city on the Grand Trunk today. A number of the load put off their baggage at Brantford.

Wednesday, 28 September 2011

Sept 28 British Home Child Day

In an earlier post I mentioned that September 28th has been declared as British Home Child Day in Ontario. This is a follow-up to the year of the British Home Child, held in 2010. This will now be an annual event to honour and remember the British Home Children and their part in forging the history of Canada.

My husband's great aunt, Kate Liggins, relinquished all four of her boys and all four of them came to Canada as BHC. Here is their story:

Joseph William Storer married Eliza Meggot. This couple had 5 children: Eliza, Kate, Ruth, Edgar and Joseph William (Jr).  Eliza & Joseph’s second daughter, Kate, married James Liggins in about 1880. Kate had quite an eventful life, as did her four sons. Apparently James, a brass foundry worker, was quite a sickly chap and often out of work as a result.
The couple had 4 sons: Harry, Archibald, Leonard and Stephen. The Liggins family were very poor as James rarely made enough to feed his family. In 1897, Kate went to an orphanage in Birmingham, England, called Middlemore Homes.

Here she relinquished the care of her two older sons, Harry and Archie. Middlemore was a “clearing station” for children being sent to Canada. These children, who had largely grown up on city streets in England, were suddenly transported to a foreign country — without their parents or caregivers—and sent to work on farms in their new countries. The children were indentured to the organization that sponsored them until their 18th birthday.
Sadly, no family connections were ever made. Unlike adoptions from foreign countries, the Home Children never belonged to anyone. They were often made to feel unwanted or defective. Many Home Children grew up socially isolated and full of loneliness. The sad reality for Archie was more than he could bear, even with a new wife.

Kate’s younger two boys, Leonard and Stephen were also relinquished to orphanages. By 1900 Middlemore Homes had closed it’s doors and so the younger boys were sent to Barnardos. It is unclear whether or not they were relinquished together. They were sent separately to Canada. Stephen, the youngest, arrived first in 1900 at the very tender age of 8. His brother, Leonard, followed in 1901 at the age of 9.

On September 27, 1900, Stephen boarded the SS Tunisian in Liverpool and left his family and homeland behind. He arrived in Quebec on October 6, 1900. His destination was Toronto where presumably he ended up at a Barnardo’s clearing/receiving home. From there, he was farmed out to work. The 1901 census shows Stephen living in Muskoka/Parry Sound with an elderly woman named Judith Lever. Judith appeared to have a number of home children in her custody. Stephen was the youngest. From Parry Sound, young Stephen moved to Rainy River/Thunder Bay where he appears on the 1911 census living with a young woman named Irene McKean.

On December 4, 1915, Stephen enlisted to fight in WW1 with the Canadian Overseas Expeditiary Force. Enlisting to fight was one way that the Home Children hoped to be able to return to their homeland. Stephen’s attestation papers show him living at 8 Huron Street, Brantford, with his maternal aunt, Ruth (Storer) Skett. Stephen’s military record shows that in order to be considered “fit” to enlist, he required an operation to repair a double hernia. It is believed that this hernia was the result of having to perform hard manual farm labour from such a young age.

Upon his return from Service, Stephen married his first cousin, Lily Skett (Ruth and husband George’s youngest daughter). This was much to the chagrin of old George since Stephen was a bit of a rebel and apparently drank quite a bit.

Stephen and Lily had no children together, and at some point the marriage disintegrated. Both Lily and Stephen remarried. Lily moved to Michigan to be near her family, and
eventually remarried there. Stephen and his second wife, Aline, lived in Windsor. Stephen died on December 17, 1950 of a stroke. He was 58 years old. Stephen is buried in the military section of Green Lawn Cemetery in Windsor.

Kate’s remaining son, Leonard, left Liverpool on 18 July 1901 aboard the SS Numidian. His port of destination was Quebec. He arrived on 29 July 1901 with “a large party of Dr Barnardo’s children, 239 to Toronto, 68 to Winnipeg, 20 to Russell Manitoba and 3 to Peterborough Ontario.”  Leonard married and settled here in Brantford.  He was married to his wife, Lily, for 51 years. Leonard and Lily had one daughter, Donna. The three of them are buried together in Mt Hope cemetery, Brantford.

In Leonard’s obituary, there was no mention of any other family. His mother Kate later moved to Niagara, New York where she re-married.

It is unclear whatever became of the father of these young boys.

Apparently Kate “was a bad sort, running around with men.”  When Kate took the older two boys to the orphanage, and was asked if she would ever want them back, she said, “No.” Archie says that he and his brother could always remember the coldness in her voice, the door closing and her footsteps walking away.

Harry is described in the Middlemore books as being of sallow complexion with dark eyes and an untidy appearance. Archie is described as having a dark complexion with dark eyes and an untidy appearance. The Middlemore records state that, “ the circumstance was that both parents were alive. The father is a brasser but is so delicate that he does not earn more and 10/ week. Mother is living with another man named “Berks” She states that she married Berks 7 years ago, although the husband is still alive. She states that she plans to leave Berks as soon as she can as he is a brute. “He is a bad un to our children by my husband. His language is particularly disgraceful.” James was in gaol three times for desertion (non payment of child support) and apparently Steven Berks had also been gaoled twice. Mother quite understood that she cannot see the boys for at least 2 years after they are in Canada. Accepted.”

The records from Archives Canada show the immigration records for both boys. Henry was aged 13 and Archie was aged 10. The two departed Liverpool on May 14 1898 aboard the SS Siberian. They arrived in Halifax on 29 May 1898. Their destination was Halifax.

Harry arrived in Halifax and tracing his movements from that point has proven quite difficult. It appears that Harry stayed in Nova Scotia during his indenture to Middlemore Homes. The 1901 census for Antigonish NS shows Henry residing as a lodger with James and Sophie Gordon. He was 16 at the time. I have not been able to find a marriage record, or a death record for Henry. Nor have I been able to find him on the 1911 census.  The possibilities of what became of Harry are infinite.

Although Archie arrived in Halifax with his brother Harry, he eventually moved to BC where he met and married Ida Martha Taylor on November 24, 1924.

 Archie was 37 at the time of his marriage. He committed suicide on September 6, 1931 at the age of 44. This is a tragic ending to the tragic life of a British Home Child. A child who was removed from his family, his country, his culture and sent to work in a foreign land.

Tuesday, 27 September 2011

Jewish Families in Brantford & Brant County

Our monthly meeting for September was held on Sunday, September 25th. Our guest speaker was Gerry Miller who talked about the Jewish families of Brantford and Brant County. The biggest influx of Jewish families into Brant occurred in the early 1900s - between 1900 and late 1920. Most of the immigrants were Russian or Polish. These families left their home countries to get away from persecution, a total intolerance to their religion and culture and to get away from severe prejudice. They were very religious. These early immigrants mostly spoke Yiddish and kept within their very tight community. Many of the men set up as merchants or peddlers.

Mr Miller spoke of the merchants along the south side of Colborne Street. Many of the names were familiar to members of the audience: Henkle, White, Beckerman, Nyman, Tulchinsky, Yampolsky, Kanter, Finkelstein, Silverstein.

These immigrant families settled near their place of worship on Albion, Pearl, Palace and Waterloo streets. Mr Miller spoke of the first synagogue, which was on the corner of Pearl and Palace. Until it was recently refurbished and made into student housing, the red brick building still had the original stain glass windows with the Star of David. The second synagogue was on Waterloo and was named Beth David in honour of David Axler. Louis Henckle was one of the founders of the new synagogue.

Second generation Jewish families were better educated and tended to be professionals like doctors (Ben Henry, Mo Zaltz) or lawyers. Later generations  tended to move to larger centres like Toronto or even to the States, and slowly the Jewish population in Brantford dwindled. The synagogue closed in 2001.

Mr Miller's talk was a wonderful walk down memory lane for many of our audience members. Our own Al Adams recalled having a "scrap route" when he was 10. He said it started on Water Street and then onto Colborne. Al dealt with many of the scrap dealers who were the early Jewish families in Brantford. The talk provided some wonder social history about our City.

Digitized Back Issues of Canada Gazette

In Celebration of the 170th year of Canada Gazette, Library & Archives Canada now has digitized back issues  (1841 -1997) available through their website.

"Current issues of the Canada Gazette have been available to Canadians at most libraries and through subscription, and the Canada Gazette Directorate has a searchable database on its website of all issues since 1998,” said Daniel J. Caron, Deputy Head and Librarian and Archivist of Canada. “However, an online database that includes all issues of the Canada Gazette, since 1841 and searchable by keyword, is a major achievement that allows even greater access to this very important resource.”

Here's the link:

Happy Searching!

Sunday, 25 September 2011

Inspector's Report for Brantford Gaol 1880

1880 Statistics Brantford Gaol

# prisoners committed during the year -  295
Total days stay  - 7254
Cost of food, clothing & fuel  - $716.30
Average cost per day for each prisoner  .09¢

Brantford Gaol Report

Number of prisoners committed during the year - 295
Greatest number confined at any one time – 35
Number of re-Committals – 113
Total cost of maintaining gaol $2,357.26

the old stone of the original gaol
My first inspection of this gaol was made on the 16th March, when cleanliness and good order prevailed in every part of the gaol. Proper discipline was also maintained.

The want of work for the male prisoners was then principal defect in the gaol management, but I was glad to learn that in a few days a supply of cordwood was to be delivered, so that the prisoners might be employed in cutting it.

There were no prisoners in custody for serious offences, and none of the males were eligible for transfer to the Central Prison. The gaoler was informed that the two lunatics then in the gaol would immediately be removed to the Hamilton Asylum.

Tenders for the work of making certain alterations in the gaol entrance had been received, but I learned that action respecting them would not be taken until the next meeting of the County Council. As public executions have been abandoned, I recommended that when the other alterations were in progress, the grated opening in the upper rear hall should be closed, as it only kept that portion of the gaol very cold.

The gaol records were examined and found to be well and properly kept. As there was no dietary book, I sent up one of the regulation form.

the jail is attached to the superior court of Ontario, another historic building
I made a second statutory inspection of the Brantford Gaol, on the 15th June. There were then in custody 9 men, 7 women and a female child. All were under sentence for drunkenness, and kindred offences, except two men awaiting trial on a charge of larceny of wheat. The male prisoners were at work at the alterations then in progress, and the women in laundry and domestic work. The Sheriff was requested to bring to the notice of the Council, the desirableness of making some proper provision for an old woman, who has been continuously in gaol for the last four years.

The alterations and repairs to the gaol structure, referred to in previous report, were approaching completion. They will vastly improve the sanitary and structural condition of the gaol, and will enable its work in all details to be much more satisfactorily carried on.

I recommend for the consideration of the Council, that the drain from the water-closets, in the front entrance corridors, should be carefully examined, so that it might be known whether the sewerage was being properly carried away; that the alcove in the transept leading to the female corridors should be shelved and a door placed upon it, in order that it might be used as a clothes store, and that a coal and stone shed be built with the old brick then in the yard.

~this report is included in the book "Annual report of the inspector of asylums, prisons and....Ontario. Office of Prisons and Public Charities" and is freely available on Google Books

Tuesday, 20 September 2011

World War II Veteran on the Canadian $10 Bill

If you have a Canadian $10 bill, look at the back right side of the bill. You will see an old veteran standing at attention near the Ottawa war memorial. His name is Robert Metcalfe and he died at the age of 90. That he managed to live to that age is rather remarkable, given what happened in the Second World War. Born in England, he was one of the 400,000 members of the British Expeditionary Force sent to the mainland where they found themselves facing the new German warfare technique - the Blitzkrieg. He was treating a wounded comrade when he was hit in the legs by shrapnel. Enroute to hospital, his ambulance came under fire from a German tank, which then miraculously ceased fire. Evacuated from Dunkirk on HMS Grenade, two of the sister ships with them were sunk. Recovered, he was sent to allied campaigns in north Africa and Italy. Enroute his ship was chased by the German battleship Bismarck. In North Africa he served under General Montgomery against the Desert Fox, Rommel. Sent into the Italian campaign, he met his future wife, a lieutenant and physiotherapist in a Canadian hospital. They were married in the morning by the mayor of the Italian town, and again in the afternoon by a British padre. After the war they settled in Chatham where he went into politics and became the warden (chairman) of the county. At the age of 80 he wrote a book about his experiences and on his retirement he and his wife moved to Ottawa.

During the past 45 years, he helped raise thousands of dollars on behalf of the Gurkha Welfare Appeal. These funds provide pensions, welfare, recreation and medical centres to the veterans of Nepal. For the past 10 years, Metcalfe was Royal Canadian Legion speaker in the "Encounters With Canada"

One day out of the blue he received a call from a government official asking him to go downtown for a photo op.  He wasn't told what the photo was for or why they chose him. "He had no idea he would be on the bill," his daughter said. And now you know the rest of the story of the old veteran on the $10 bill. 

For more of Robert Metcalfe's story:

Monday, 19 September 2011

Canada 150

On the weekend, I attended the One World, One Family conference in Toronto. In the Cultural Centre (what most of us know as the "Marketplace") was a display by Canada150.

The vendor was actually Legacies. One of their initiatives under the Canada150 project is to get as many people as possible to record their family histories and have them uploaded to the Web by July 1, 2017, when our great country celebrates her 150th year!
There are a number of ways that Legacies is providing for you to be part of this wonderful undertaking. Here are some of their suggestions:
  • Memories: write a short paragraph with photos to upload (there is space for 1.2 million uploads!)
  • One of a Kind: unpublished collections of letters, journals, diaries, films, scrapbooks (they are hoping for 150,000 copies!)
  • Published: previously published books, films, songs, plays, websites or other multi-media. (Again, they are hoping for 150,000 copies)
  • Individual Stories
  • Stories of Families, Neighbourhoods, Communities, Cities, Counties
  • Family histories, scrapbooks, photo albums, genealogies
  • Histories of Corporations
  • Social  Histories from faith and cultural communities
  • Histories of Clubs, associations, schools, arts and sports groups
I am a firm believer in preserving stories for future generations. What better way to do so than by joining Canada150?

C'mon, Canada, start sharing!!!

Saturday, 17 September 2011

Jewish Genealogy Month

This year, International Jewish Genealogy Month is celebrated from
October 29 to November 26 2011.

This year's poster was designed by Jillian Beroza
Canadian resources for researching your Jewish Ancestors can be found here:

Jewish Genealogical Society of Canada (Toronto)   

Jewish Genealogical Society - Hamilton & Area  

Jewish Genealogical Society of Ottawa

Jewish Genealogical Society of Montreal    

Genealogical Institute of the Jewish Heritage Centre of Western Canada Inc

Jewish Genealogical Institute of British Columbia  

Blogs for Jewish Genealogy research are available here:

Brant OGS is celebrating Jewish Genealogy on Sunday September 25th with guest speaker, Gerry Miller, who will talk on Jewish Families of Brantford & Brant County. The meeting takes place at the Brant OGS Library, 118 Powerline Rd, Brantford at 2pm. Admission is free. Bring a friend and join us!

Friday, 16 September 2011

Women's Institute Tweedsmuirs

Tweedsmuirs are essentially scrapbooks that document the history of a village. The Tweedsmuir Histories were/are kept by local branches of Women's Institutes across Canada. The Brant OGS library is fortunate to have access to a private collection of Tweedsmuir histories.

These books document a fascinating look at the history of a town or village as it grows and develops. Many names are included in these scrapbooks as are local businesses, construction of roads or buildings and issues of importance for the village are also well documented.

After more than half a century of operation in the Brantford area, the city’s second largest independent groceteria is bowing out of local business circles. The last store, located on Burnley Avenue, has been sold by it’s present owners, Russell Gowman and his son, James K., grandson of the founder. The first store was opened on Terrace Hill in 1898 by Richard Gowman, a blacksmith from Devonshire, and from his small beginning in that lonely spot, the business prospered.

Many older residents will remember the original Gowmans. A newspaper of the period explains how Mr. Gowman canvassed for his first customers by employing six men who went round from door to door in the neighbourhood extolling the merits of his store. However, residents did not have to be told. Business began to boom so much that in 1933 Mr. Gowman had four stores operating in the city.
Mark 55th Anniversary of Moyle Women’s Institute

PARIS—A three-tiered cake was made by Miss. L Depew for the 55th anniversary meeting of the Moyle Women's Institute. It was decorated with yellow roses and formed a lovely centre-piece for the luncheon table. Mrs. W.C. Good, program convener, reviewed activities of the institute down through the years and Mrs. C Douglas and Miss T Sharp tied for first place in a picture identifying contest.
Mrs. L. Depew received a prize for winning an old hat contest and Mrs. Good, Mrs. E.D. Clump, and Mrs. Earl Sowden, three charter members, received cups and saucers bearing the institute crest. Mrs. T. Randall, president, conducted the meeting. Mrs. William Coombs and Mrs. John Kirby reported on meetings they attended recently and Mrs. S. Holden gave a report on the Tweedsmuir history workshop.
Mrs. Norm Cavan was appointed public relations officer for the institute and arrangements were made for a mystery bus trip June 24. Members going on the trip will meet at the Texaco station, 5 and 2 highways, at 8 a.m. Mrs. Randall and Miss Depew are conveners for the trip. Lunch was served by the hostess. (taken from the Tweedsmuir history book for Moyle Women's Institute Volume 1 which is available at the Brant OGS branch Library)

The United Church Archives are Available ONLINE!

Everyone everywhere now has access to all fonds-level descriptions of records from the 5 Ontario Conferences and General Council, and item-level descriptions of our graphic images collection.
From the web pages of the “Archives Collections” look under the topic “Searching Our Collections” to find the links. The microfilms can be ordered through your local library as part of their inter-library loan system.

Rev Thomas Baker, Congregational Church

Thomas Baker was born January 24, 1796 in Portsea, England. He was the son of a captain in the British Merchant Marines and when he was just 9 years old, he applied for commission in the Royal Navy. By age 11, Thomas went to sea as a midshipman on board the HMS Antelope. While in the Royal Navy, Baker continued his studies.

Baker was later rewarded for his service during the Napoleonic Wars and received several promotions as a result. Thomas served as midshipman on the frigate HMS St. Lawrence during the war of 1812. The ship weighed 3200 tons, and had 120 guns and was the largest freshwater sailing vessel at the time. Baker and the rest of the crew sailed out of Kingston on October 15, 1814. By 1815, Baker had received his lieutenant's commission

Thomas Baker withdrew from active service in 1817 and turned his studies to the Clergy. He became an ordained minister in the Congregational Church. In 1835, Baker accepted an appointment from the London Missionary Society in Canada. He and his wife, Sarah (Hampson), and their eight children emigrated to Canada, settling in Kingston. In 1846 Baker accepted a post in Brantford. Sadly, Sarah and their eldest daughter, Harriett Wilkes died in 1847. In 1848, Baker re-married. His new bride, 13 years his junior, was Mary-Jane McIlwaine of Brantford. Mary-Jane and Thomas had one child together, daughter Mary-Jane Baker in October 1849. Mary-Jane was doted on. She later married Isaac McQuesten, a lawyer in Hamilton. Mary Baker and Isaac McQuesten lived at Whitehern in Hamilton.

As a minister in the Congregational Church, Baker was very strict and demanded a strict adherence to his own moral and social convictions. As a leader, he combined his  military training with his religious convictions. Baker first ministered in Paris and then at First Congregational Church in Brantford. The church was located at Victoria Square. Throughout his life, Baker was a prolific writer. It is evident from his writings that he was a highly principled and inflexible pastor, one who and meted out disciplinary measures with military vigour.

Thomas Baker was a staunch defender of women's rights. He openly defended the rights of women to participate in church meetings and politics. His daughter Mary Baker McQuesten was head of the Women’s Missionary Society. After a few years of ministering in Brantford, Baker accepted a call to Newmarket, Ontario, where his declining health forced him to resign in 1858.

Following the death of his second wife, Mary-Jane, in 1882, Baker spent a great deal of time with his beloved daughter Mary Baker McQuesten at her home, Whitehern, in Hamilton. Thomas Baker died on March 29, 1887. He and Mary-Jane McIlwaine are buried together in the McQuesten family plot in Hamilton Cemetery. Their Monumental Inscription reads:

In memory of MARY JANE MCILWAINE wife of the Rev THOMAS BAKER born Donegal, Ireland 17 May 1809 died in Hamilton 12 August 1882. Also THOMAS BAKER Commander R.N. and for many years Congregational Minister. Born in Portsea Hants 24 January 1796, died in Hamilton 29 March 1887.

Brantford Congregational Church Baptism Records 1841-1861

Eliza, the daughter of George Simpson of the town of Brantford, C.W formerly of Shaldon, near Alton, Hampshire, England, and of Mary Jane, his wife, the daughter of the late Daniel Fowler of Prince Edward’s Island, Gulf of St Lawrence, formerly of Lincolnshire, England, was privately baptized at the residence of William Green in the town of Brantford, C.W October 21st, 1852. By me. Thomas Baker, late minister of Ebenezer Chapel, Brantford, C.W

Kate Marion, the adopted daughter of George S Wilkes Esq. of the town of Brantford and of Caira R Wilkes, his wife, the daughter of the late Richard Wilkins of the town of Brantford, formerly of Amherst, New Hampshire, US was privately baptized at the residence of her adopted parents, October 26th, 1852. By me. Thomas Baker, late Minister of Ebenezer Chapel, Brantford, C.W

Margaret, the daughter of the late John Diamond, of the township of Brantford, and of Margaret, his widow. The daughter of Thomas Houlding of the same township, formerly of the parish of Ribbleton, Lancashire, England, was baptized at the residence of her deceased father, immediately after his funeral service, December 7th 1847. By me. Thomas Baker, Minister of the said Church.

These entries are from the Congregational Church Baptism Records 1841-1861, part of publication #294. This publication can be purchased for $10.60. at the  research library 114-118 Powerline Rd, Brantford. The library is open Monday - Thursday from 10:00 am - 4:00 pm. Saturday from 1:00 pm  -  4:00 pm.

Thursday, 15 September 2011

Brant OGS Library Bookstore

Our library also houses a bookstore with a large variety of Genealogy Books and CDs as well as our own publications.

Topics for the books include Native American Genealogy, British Home Children, United Empire Loyalists and a number of resources for Ontario Genealogy.

There are also a number of  "How to Books" from the Ontario Genealogy Society.

And of course, our own publications of Cemetery Transcriptions, 1891 Census transcriptions for Brantford and Brant County, 1871 Census transcriptions for Brantford, Brant County and parts of Six Nations, First Congregational Church records (minute books, lists of Officers and Members) and the Brantford Daily Courier 1884-1902.

All of our publication prices include taxes. So, the next time you are in our library, whether for a meeting, a workshop or to do research, have a look around our Bookstore. 

Wednesday, 7 September 2011

Hamburg Passenger Lists Now on FamilySearch

From FamilySearch:

"The Hamburg passenger lists are a useful tool for many German researchers. The Hamburg passenger lists contain millions of names of Europeans, including immigrants from Poland, Germany, Hungary and Scandinavia.

The passenger lists include around 1/3 of the people leaving from Central and Eastern Europe. The great benefit of the Hamburg passenger records is the fact that the birthplace or last known place of residence is listed for the majority of the passengers. These records cover the time period from 1850-1934, with gaps during times of world war. These records are handwritten, which can make them difficult to use, but with a little patience they can be read.

Information included in the actual passenger lists includes:

■Names of the passengers
■Place of birth or last known residence
■Occupation or status of the individual

For more detailed information, visit the FamilySearch website.  

Newly Released Records at the Archives of Ontario

This release involves the following records:

¨ Indexes to Births and Stillbirths,1914
¨ Indexes to Marriages,1929
¨ Indexes to Deaths,1939
¨ Registrations of Births and Stillbirths,1914
¨ Delayed Registrations of Births and Stillbirths, "50" Series,1914
¨ Delayed Registrations of Births and Stillbirths, "90" Series,1914
¨ Registrations of Marriages,1929
¨ Registrations of Deaths,1939

What Will I Find at the Archives of Ontario?

With the upcoming trip to the Archives of Ontario (November 18th), people have been asking "What kind of records will I find there?"

Here’s the list:

•Student and Teacher Records
•Census Records
•Directories, Telephone Books and Voters Lists
•Genealogy Collections and Published Genealogies
•Guardianship and Adoption Records
•Patient and Health Practitioner Records
•Resources for Researching Land Records
•Militia and Military Records
•United Empire Loyalist Records
•Immigration, Naturalization and Citizenship Records
•Finding Change of Name Records in Ontario
•Criminal Justice Records at the Archives of Ontario
•Family History Centres in Ontario
•Genealogical Researchers in Ontario

The indices are on the website and are all downloadable in PDF or Word. However, when you get to the Archives, you can actually read the microfilm. Here is just one example of what is available:

In the Patient and Health Practitioner Records, there are records for Psychiatric Hospitals, Tuberculosis Hospitals (including the Brant San), Centres for Developmentally and Emotionally Disabled Individuals (these institutions are now closed), and records of Physicians, Nurses and other health care practitioners.

Student and Teacher Records include School Board records (daily attendance registers, minute books of Board meetings, administrative records and records that include those students that passed from one year to the next), Teacher and Principal Training and Certification Records, and many other interesting tidbits of information.

Criminal Justice Records include Investigation Records, Prosecution and Indictment Records, Court Records, Correctional Records, Judges Benchbooks & Judgements and Probation & Parole Records.

Have a look on the Archives of Ontario Website:

As always, Happy Searching!